Magda FAHSI
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  • Former Prime Minister of Bhutan: 'We are economic animals, surviving in a market place'

    Article Former Prime Minister of Bhutan: 'We are economic animals, surviving in a market place' In 1972, the fourth King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck thought that conventional development indicators like the GDP focused too much on materialistic needs; he wanted a more holistic approach for development and progress, taking into account non-economic aspects of well-being as well. And so, he coined the Gross National Happiness index. The GNH was originally based on four pillars: good governance, sustainable socio-economic development, cultural preservation and environmental conservation, which were later further classified into nine domains: psychological wellbeing, health, education, time use, cultural diversity and resilience, good governance, community vitality, ecological diversity and resilience, and living standards. Since 1974, the GNH has been guiding Bhutan?s development process, a unique experiment in the world.
    Jigmi Thinley has successively been Bhutan's Permanent Representative to the United Nations office in Geneva, foreign affairs minister and the country?s first democratically elected Prime Minister (2008-2013): during all his years in office, he has relentlessly sought to promote the GNH index abroad and more particularly at the United Nations.

    Magda Fahsi
  • 'Toute théorie est insuffisante'

    Article 'Toute théorie est insuffisante' Cet entretien d'Albert Jacquard a été réalisé fin 2011: son message n'a rien perdu de sa pertinence et de son actualité depuis. Nous le republions ici à l'occasion de sa mort survenue récemment.

    Albert Jacquard, polytechnicien et généticien des populations français est l'auteur de nombreux ouvrages de vulgarisation scientifique et d'essais dans lesquels il cherche à promouvoir une pensée humaniste. Depuis sa retraite, il est de tous les combats qu'il estime justes : le droit au logement, le droit à la différence, la décroissance soutenable... Il faut souvent tendre l'oreille pour entendre Albert Jacquard, 86 ans, un filet de voix à peine audible, comme un souffle. Mais son message n'en est pas moins fort.

    Entretien : Magda Fahsi
    Cet article est paru dans EOS-le Magazine des Sciences n°35 nov-dec 2011
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